Lachit Borphukan: Lachit Borphukan was a legendary military commander in the Ahom Kingdom of Assam in northeastern India during the late 17th century. He is known for his valiant efforts in defending the kingdom against the Mughal forces during the Battle of Saraighat in 1671.
Lachit Borphukan was born in 1622 AD in Guwahati, Assam, to Momai Tamuli Borbarua and his wife Kansuti. His father was a high-ranking official in the Ahom Kingdom and served as the Borbarua, or the Prime Minister of the kingdom. Lachit grew up in the royal court and received a formal education in military tactics, strategy, and administration.
Lachit Borphukan Biography
Lachit Borphukan began his career as a military commander in the Ahom army in the early 1660s. He quickly rose through the ranks due to his exceptional leadership skills and strategic acumen. He was appointed as the commander of the Ahom army in 1667 and was tasked with defending the kingdom against the Mughal forces, who had been attempting to conquer the region for several decades.
In 1668, the Mughal forces under the command of Mir Jumla, a general of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, invaded Assam. Lachit Borphukan led the Ahom army in a fierce battle against the Mughal forces and managed to repel their attack. However, the Mughal forces returned in 1671 with a larger army and better weaponry, and a decisive battle took place on the banks of the Brahmaputra River at Saraighat.
The Battle of Saraighat is considered one of the greatest military victories in Indian history. Lachit Borphukan led a small but determined army of Ahom soldiers and managed to defeat the much larger and better-equipped Mughal forces. He used innovative tactics, such as digging trenches and building barricades to slow down the Mughal advance, and deployed his soldiers in strategic positions to inflict maximum damage on the enemy.
The battle lasted for several days, and Lachit Borphukan was injured in the fighting. However, he refused to leave the battlefield and continued to lead his soldiers until the Mughal forces were finally defeated. The victory at Saraighat ensured the independence of the Ahom Kingdom and prevented the Mughals from expanding their empire into northeastern India.
Lachit Borphukan died soon after the Battle of Saraighat, in 1672 AD. He is remembered as a hero and a patriot in Assam, and his legacy continues to inspire generations of Indians. His statue stands today in Guwahati, the capital of Assam, as a symbol of his bravery and devotion to his kingdom.