Maharaja Ranjit Singh: Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Punjabi: Maharaja Ranjit Singh) (1780-1839) was the King of the Sikh Empire. They are famous as Sher-e-Punjab. Jat Sikh Maharaja Ranjeet was such a person who not only kept Punjab united in the form of a strong province but also allowed his surviving British to not wander even with his empire.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh History
Ranjeet Singh was born in 1780 in the house of Gujranwala (now Pakistan) Jat Sikh Maharaja Maha Singh. In those days, the rule of Sikhs and Afghans was going on in Punjab, who divided the whole area into several missiles Ranjeet’s father Mahan Singh was the Commander of Succarkia missal.
set in western Punjab, this space was headquartered at Gujranwala Because of smallpox in small age, Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s light went away. He was only 12 years old when the father floated and all the burden of the palace came on his shoulders.
On 12 April 1801, Ranjit took the title of Maharaja A descendant of Guru Nanak made his coronation. They made Lahore their capital and turned towards Amritsar in 1802.
Maharaja Ranjit fought several wars against the Afghans and pushed him towards western Punjab. Now he got the right to a Pashtun region including Peshawar. This was the first time a non-Muslim ruled the Pashtuns. After that, he also took possession of Peshawar, Jammu and Kashmir and Anandpur.
The credit for the formation of the first modern Indian Army – “Sikh Khalsa Army” also goes to them. Punjab was a very powerful diocese in his favor. This powerful army has kept the British from grabbing Punjab for a long time. An opportunity came when Punjab was the only state that was not occupied by the British.
About Maharaja Ranjit Singh
According to British historian JT Wheeler, if he was a generation old, he would have fought the whole of India. Maharaja Ranjit himself was illiterate, but he gave great encouragement to education and art in his state.
He established law and order in Punjab and never gave death to anybody. His diocese was secular, he also banned Jijiya from the Hindus and the Sikhs to be recovered. Never did anyone force anyone to adopt Sikhism. He installed marble in Amritsar and made a marble in Harmandir Sahib Guru since then it has been called Golden Temple.
The priceless diamond Kohinoor Maharaja Ranjeet Singh was the lover of the treasure. Maharaja Ranjit passed away in 1839 His memorial was built in Lahore, which still stands there.
With his death, the British started to complain about Punjab. After the Anglo-Sikh war, on 30 March 1849, Punjab was made part of the British Empire, and Kohinoor was presented in the Hujoor of Queen Victoria.
Ranjeet Singh was born in 1780 AD. He was the Patti King of the Jat Society, when Mahan Singh died, Ranjeet Singh was the leader of Misl Sukarchiya in the twelfth year. In 1798 AD, when Jaman Shah returned from Punjab, he took control over Lahore.
Slowly, from Sutlej to Sindhu, he was able to subdue all the misls which he was ruling. Among the Sutlej and Yamuna, the Pulis were ruling the rulers of Misl. In 1806, Ranjeet Singh tried to subdue them but did not succeed.
There were many qualities of military leadership in Ranjeet Singh. They were far-sighted. They were men of pale dye. One of his eyes went away from the outbreak of cold. But despite this, she was stunning. So while he was alive, all the misls were dabbed.
At that time, the British kingdom had reached the Yamuna and the Fulk is, the king of Misl began to accept the dominion of the English kingdom. The British refused Ranjeet Singh to do this work.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh life
Ranjit Singh did not think it appropriate to fight the British and made a treaty that we will not increase our state beyond the Sutlej. Ranjit Singh called French soldiers and prepared his army in a sultry way in his military command. now they started attacking the southern, western and northern parts of Punjab and in ten years increased their state to Multan, Peshawar, and Kashmir.
Ranjitsinh had taken Peshawar into his own right but had to struggle hard for many years to complete his full control over that province. He has become the lord of whole Punjab, And he did not face British interference. But at the time when the British had asked for help from Sikhs against Napoleon’s forces, they did not get them.
In 1808 AD, Ranjeet Singh had changed the state of Peshawar in the name of his ambitious mother-in-law Sadako. Because it was an agent of the British woman. Ranjeet Singh had quarreled with his cynical mother-in-law and captured him and took over the fortress of Hamdani in his own right. A detachment of the British army redeemed the captive widow Sadako and brought the rights back. Ranjeet Singh did not want any kind of fight with the British army.
The English side could have been accused of breaching the terms of the treaty. So quietly silently, he started preparations, yet in 1809, he made a treaty with Lord Minto. Although this treaty had to have a lot of humiliation in the Sikhs. Due to the above treaty, the Afghani state of Punjab and Afghanistan were able to intervene to some extent.
In 1802, 1806 and 1810 AD, Multan attacked and took possession and placed a treaty with Shah Shuja and got him a ‘Cohenour Diamond’ for a glass of water.
By hearing about the invasion of Shah Mahmood of Kabul in 1811 and knowing that Mahmud’s intention was to attack the ruler of Kashmir, he attacked Kashmir so that it would be possible to return Mahmud back and get his friendhood also.
After Kashmir, it attacked Peshawar in 1822, Yarmuffhah Khan fought very bravely while leading the Afghans, but finally defeated. There was also a great loss of the Sikhs in this war.
Fearful of Ranjit Singh’s authority at Peshawar in 1838, friend Mohammad Khan Kabulnaresh became very scared and made friendship with Russia and Iran.
Keeping this in mind, the British themselves gave a threesome with Ranjeet Singh and Shahujaja. Maharaja Ranjeet Singh was getting sick. Paralysis was invaded in 1838, although treatment was done and British doctors also treated, but on 27 June 1839, he died. It was also a generous heart.
The gold paper which is seen today on the Kashi Vishwanath temple is a symbol of its Kashyasatra and generosity. He had segregated the property of Rs 47 lakhs for charity.
Even at the Jagannath Mandir, he wanted to sell the Kohner diamond but that diamond was to be dissipated by going abroad. After the Maharaja, the Sikh State disappeared from its inability to respond to the mutual hostility of the Sikhs, anti-national and English diplomacy.