The Red fort of Agra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This fort is located in Agra city of Uttar Pradesh state of India. The world famous monument Taj Mahal is present in its approximately 2.5 kilometers north-west.
Historical Fort The Red Fort in Delhi
Some historians believe that this fort is surrounded by the wall of Prasad Mahal Nagri, which is good. This is the most important fort of India. The Mughal emperors Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan, and Aurangzeb used to be here, and from here they used to rule all over India.
It was the highest treasure, property, and mint in the state. Here the foreign ambassadors, travelers, and high-ranking people were known to come, who created a history of India.It was originally a brick cast, which was near the Rajputs of Chauhan dynasty.
Its first description comes in 1080E when the army of Mahmud Gaznavi captured it.Sikandar Lodi (1487-1517), the first sultan of Delhi Sultanate, who traveled to Agra and it had done this work in 1504 AD and remained in this fort. Sikandar Lodi made it capital in 1506 AD and ruled from here in the country.His death also took place in this fort in 1517. Later, his son Ibrahim Lodi took the throne for nine years, until he was killed in Panipat’s first battle (1526). He built many places, mosques, and wells in his lifetime.
After Panipat, the Mughals also captured this fort, as well as on its unseemly property. This property was also a diamond which was later famous as the Kohinoor Diamond.
Red Fort: A Symbol of India’s History and Culture
Then came Babar in place of Ibrahim in this fort.He made a bawdy here. In 1530, there was also the reign of Humayun. Humayun defeated Sher Shah Suri in Bilgram this year and was captured on the fort.Afghans occupied this fort for five years, which ultimately defeated Panipat II in 1556 by the Mughals.
Given the central position of this, Akbar decided to make it his capital and came here in 1558. Its historian Abul Fazl has written that this fort was a brick fort, which was named as ‘cloudargad’. It was then in a tropical condition and Akbar had to rebuild it, which he called the Red Sandstone Made from r Its foundations are laid by big architects. It was made from bricks from inside, and red sandalwood was put on the outer cover.
Fourteen thousand forty-four thousand artisans and laborers worked for eight years in this construction, then it was completed in 1573.
Akbar’s grandson Shah Jahan delivered this place to the present. It is also a myth, that when Shahjahan built the Taj Mahal for his beloved wife, he was trying to make the buildings of white marble, which included gold and precious gems. At the time of the construction of the fort, he also broke the old buildings and buildings, so that the fort could have built buildings.
In the last days of his life, Shah Jahan was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb in this fort, a punishment that was not so strong as seeing the luxury of the castle’s palaces.
It is also said that the death of Shah Jahan was seen in the Tajmahal, in the Musamman Burj, of the fort. This tower has a beautiful view of the Taj Mahal with the windows of the marble.
Red Fort: The Seat of Mughal Power for Over 200 Years
This fort became a battleground during the first Indian independence war of 1857. After which the British East India Company’s rule ended with India, and there was a straight rule of Britain for almost a century. After that, there was freedom only available.
The scene inside the Mussman Burj, where Shahjahan spent the last seven years of his life observing the Taj Mahal, spent his hide in the detention of his son and successor Aurangzeb.
The Agra Vastu award was given to the fort of Agra for the year 2004, and the postal department of Indian Postal Department had also taken a post-tattoo in memory of this great moment on November 28, 2004.
This fort is a semi-circular map, which is directly and the Yamuna is parallel to the river. Its decorations are seventy feet high. There are dual bowlers in which the heavy turret is in equal intervals between them, along with the canons of guns, and the defense chowk as have also been formed.
There are four gates on its four corners, one of which is open to the river, towards the river. Its two gates are called Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate (Lahore Gate is also called Amarsingh Gate).
Delhi gate towards the city is the grandest of all. There is another door inside it, called Elephant Pol, on which there are idols of two realistic stone elephants, whose guard protectors are also standing. A door open from a gate, which is made on the trench, and a thief door, makes it invincible.
The monument form was the formal gate of the Delhi Gate, the emperor, which is being used in the cantonment form for the northern part of the fort for the parachute brigade by the Indian Army.
So the Delhi gate is not open to the public. Tourists can get admission from the Lahore gate, which has been given such a name because of the head towards Lahore (now in Pakistan).
From the point of view of architectural history, this place is very important. Abul Fazl writes that here, there were about five hundred beautiful buildings built in Bengali and Gujarati style. Many were demolished to make white marbles.
Most of the British broke down from 1803 to 1862 to make barracks. At present, on the south-east side, there are hardly thirty buildings left. Of these, there are representative buildings of Akbar, Delhi Gate, Akbar Gate and a palace – Bengali Mahal – Akbar.
Jahangir changed the name of Akbar Gate Akbar Darja to Amar Singh The door was closed. This gate has been matched by the Delhi-gate. Both are made of red sandstone. The Bangalee palace is also made of red sandstone, and now it is divided into two parts – Akbari Mahal and Jahangiri Mahal.
Here a mixture of many Hindu and Islamic architecture is observed. Rather, in many Islamic ornaments, there are also Haram (taboo) specimens in Islam, such as Azadhey, elephants, and birds, where geometrical specimens, rectangles, rectangles etc. are usually shown in decorations of panels in Islamic ornaments.